Newly transplanted and staked tree (Lohr) Horticulture 331 - Landscape Plant Installation & Management

SPRING 2016:

Grading Participation
Exams Individual Asgn. Group Projects
Reading Links Blackboard
Description: Principles and practices for installation and management of exterior and interior landscape plantings,
with emphasis on woody plants; specifications, site preparation, transplanting, growth control, and diagnosis of problems.

No textbook is required for this course.Required readings are listed on this website and on the Blackboard class site.
 GENERAL COURSE TOPICS: (Supplemental links with information on class topics)
Overall landscape management objective for course topics:  Long-life of the tree
  • Introduction: How plants grow (including dormancy, juvenility, physiology, and anatomy) 
  • Installation, transplanting, and staking of plants
  • Growth control by pruning and with management decisions
  • Site preparation, management, and restoration (amendments, mulches, and ground covers)
  • Care of established plants (fertilization, construction, repair, and removal)
  • Problems: diagnosis, cure, and prevention (insects, diseases, culture, and people)
  • Economic and social values of plants

 COURSE GRADES: Grades will be determined from:
Participation - 70 points possible
Comprehensive exams - 300 points (3 exams; 150 points possible on each; lowest exam score dropped) 
Individual Assignments - 130 points possible
Group Project Reports - 100 points possible

TOTAL - 600 points possible  Scores will be posted on Blackboard.
Total Points
558 - 600
93 - 100
540 - 557
90 - 92.9
522 - 539
87 - 89.9
498 - 521
83 - 86.9
482 - 497
80 - 82.9
462 - 481
77 - 79.9
438 - 461
73 - 76.9
420 - 437
70 - 72.9
402 - 419
67 - 69.9
378 - 401
63 - 66.9

Participation (70 points):
Participation points will be assigned for regular and high quality participation with your assigned group members to create your Group Project Reports (45 points possible: 15 per Report).  You will submit forms detailing your contribution and the contribution of each group member.  You will also receive participation points (25 points) for attendance and participation in class and lab.  Expectations for participation are listed in the section on Expectations for Students in this Class.

Comprehensive Exams (300 points):
There will be three comprehensive exams.  Each is worth 150 points.  Examples of previous exams are linked below.  No make up exams or early exams will be given!  If you miss an exam, for example, if you leave town before the final exam date, you will receive a zero for that exam.  Your lowest exam score will be dropped.
Previous exam examples
2016 Exam Dates (subject to change)
Comprehensive exam 1
Thursday, Feb. 25, 2016; 1:25 – 4:05 PM
Comprehensive exam 2
Thursday, Apr. 21, 2016; 1:25 – 4:05 PM
Comprehensive final exam
WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016; 8:00 – 10:00 AM

Individual Assignments (130 points):
Scores from all seven Individual Assignments will be counted toward your final grade.  They are due at the start of class or lab on the due date, unless indicated otherwise.  Late Individual Assignment scores will be reduced by 1 percent for each day (including weekends) past the due date and will receive no comments or explanations for the score.  The latest time to turn in late assignments is normally during the final Thursday lab period.

Asgn. # Individual Assignment Title
Date due Points
Chapter 1
Jan. 20, 2016
Chapter 2
Jan. 25, 2016 10
Information searches Jan. 28, 2016
Questions on an assigned journal article Feb. 8, 2016
Finding an article on CODIT, pruning, tree value, or transplanting Mar. 2, 2016
4 Diagnosis example Apr. 14, 2016
Journal of observations of landscape practices
Apr. 25, 2016

Group Project Reports (100 points):
Throughout this semester, you will prepare three Group Project Reports, using a specific tree as an example.  You will be assigned to one group and one tree for the entire semester.  You may often work in groups after graduation, so this should help you prepare for that.  Also, you can learn from other students.  Group members can specialize in activities related to their strengths and help others understand what they know. 

To get the most out of group activities, all group members are expected to contribute actively and positively in all Group Project Reports.  Your group will develop guidelines to organize how you will work together and share information. 

Each Group Project will receive a score, and that score is normally given to all students in the group.  To encourage all group members to contribute to each Project and to reflect major differences in effort (should they occur), each student will be given individual Participation points (see below).  In the unlikely event that a student contributes very little to the Group Project, that student could be assigned a reduced Group Project score, and the score could be as low as zero.

Your Reports will have information to use for future reference.  They must be well organized, thorough, accurate, and supported by scholarly references.  They should make sense without the Project directions (i.e. don’t just address numbered items, in order, as though you are answering exam questions).  The Report must include appropriate headings and subheadings, so that you and the instructor can easily and quickly find information.  Reports must be typed and use complete sentences, proper grammar, and correct spelling.  You must also show where you found ALL information in the Report by using a standard citation format that completely references the sources of information you use.

Late Group Project Report scores will be reduced by 1 point for each day (excluding weekends) past the due date.

Report # Group Report Title
Item due
Due date
Group points
Initial Tree & Site Study ID
January 20, 2016
Initial Tree and Site Study Table
January 27, 2016 8
Initial Tree and Site Study Draft
February 3, 2016 10
Initial Tree and Site Study Final
February 18, 2016 15
Tree Economic Value Forms + articles
February 29, 2016 8
Tree Economic Value
March 7, 2016 10
Tree Economic Value Final
March 24 29, 2016 15
Tree Pruning
History + articles
April 4, 2016 8
Tree Pruning
April 13, 2016 10
Tree Pruning Final
April 28, 2016 15
For each report, you must use citations within the text.
With each final report, you must turn in an Individual Assessment Form.
Your group will develop guides. 

Be a positive, contributing member of the class. You are expected to act in a manner that will facilitate your learning as well as the others' learning. Come to class prepared. Share your knowledge and experiences with the class. Do not disrupt or prevent learning by others. Listen with respect. Enjoy learning!

Attend and actively participate regularly. Participation is important for learning.  In this class, you will often work in groups.  Students cannot learn effectively when others are not engaged.  Be an asset to your group.  If you must miss class or lab, find out what we did and ask for handouts. 

If you are sick and contagious, please do not come to class and infect others.  If you are sick, I would appreciate being formed by e-mail, but I do not need any documentation of your illness.  There is no process for adjusting grades due to illnesses.  For most students, the potential loss of points is minor and does not affect the final grade.  If you are concerned about your situation, please make an appointment to see me.

Participate as your own representative and do not take credit for others’ work. Academic dishonesty, in any form, including plagiarizing, is deplorable.  If you are caught cheating or plagiarizing (see: WAC 504-26-010 Definition 3 under Standards of Conduc), you will receive a zero for the activity, and it will be reported to your advisor and to the Office of Student Standards and Accountability.  You may also be expelled from class.   If I suspect you have cheated, I may assign a zero or I may ask you to redo the activity under d conditions.

Use electronic devices wisely.  Cell phones should not be used without permission from the instructor.  Turn phone sound off.  Devices may be used for taking notes.  Any other uses must be approved. 

Follow class policies and instructions.  Violations of class policies or instructor’s instructions could result in losing privileges, such as the use of a computer to take notes, or in being expelled from classes or labs.

Safety will be enforced in this class.  Safety for you and others is of utmost importance.  There will be times when we will use hand tools, including shovels and saws.  These can injure people if used inappropriately.  Your full attention to safety instructions is MANDATORY.  Risky behavior, such as carelessness or teasing (e.g. tossing snowballs at someone) WILL NOT BE TOLERATED.  You could be dismissed from a class or lab.  Having fun in this class is encouraged, but not at the expense of others.

 “Washington State University is committed to maintaining a safe environment for its faculty, staff, and students. Safety is the responsibility of every member of the campus community and individuals should know the appropriate actions to take when an emergency arises.”  Please become familiar with: WSU Pullman Campus Safety Plan and WSU Emergency Management.

“Classroom and campus safety are of paramount importance at Washington State University, and are the shared responsibility of the entire campus population.  WSU urges students to follow the “Alert, Assess, Act” protocol for all types of emergencies and the “Run, Hide, Fight” response for an active shooter incident. Remain ALERT (through direct observation or emergency notification), ASSESS your specific situation, and ACT in the most appropriate way to assure your own safety (and the safety of others if you are able).” 

“Please sign up for emergency alerts on your account at MyWSU. For more information on this subject, campus safety, and related topics, please view the FBI’s Run, Hide, Fight video and visit the WSU safety portal.”

Reasonable accommodations are available for a student with a disability on file at the WSU Access Center. Contact the instructor at least one week before each exam to ensure proper accommodations are available.  See the instructor if you have questions. 

Information on this syllabus is subject to change.  Possible changes include correcting mistakes or adjusting dates to accommodate unforeseen conflicts.  Should changes be necessary, they will be announced in class and posted on the class web site.  They may also be on Blackboard.


WSU Learning Goal
Outcome: By the end of the semester, you will be able to:
Topic or activity to advance the learning goal
Ways to evaluate proficiency
1. Critical & creative thinking
Evaluate the impacts of landscape installation and management practices on the health and longevity of trees, particularly by observing physical specimens
Lectures, readings, group projects, assignments, and class and lab activities on anatomy, practices, and impacts
Assignment 5; Group Projects 1 + 3; Class and lab participation; Exams
1. Critical & creative thinking Recognize cultural, weather, & pest problems on landscape plants and find solutions to these problems
Lectures; readings; class and lab activities on diagnosing plant problems
Class and lab participation; Assignment 4; Exams
2. Quantitative reasoning
Determine economic value for individual landscape trees
Lectures; readings; lab activities on economic value
Group Project 2; Exams
3. Scientific literacy
Describe the biological basis for plant responses to common landscape practices and environmental conditions
Lectures, readings, assignments, group projects, and class and lab activities on anatomy and practices
Exams; Assignment 5; Group Projects 1 + 3
4. Information literacy Find and interpret new knowledge, both in the scientific literature and in other forms, related to landscape plant installation and management
Lectures, lab activities, and assignments on finding scientific articles and other sources of information
Assignments 1 + 3; Group Projects 1, 2, + 3
5. Communication skills Write about topics related to landscape plant installation and management
Written assignments and class and lab activities
Assignments 2, 3, + 5; Exams
5. Communication skills
Discuss topics related to landscape plant installation and management
Class discussions and presentations
Assignments A + B; class presentations
6. Diversity
Recognize the contributions of people with different values working together in a group to achieve desired outcomes
Class and lab activities and group project interactions
In-class and lab participation; Group Projects 1, 2, + 3
7. Depth of learning
Determine physical, environmental, economic, and social impacts of installation and management practices
Lectures, readings, assignments, and class and lab activities on impacts of practices
In class and lab participation; Exams; Assignments 2, 3,  + 5
7. Depth of learning
Make practical decisions regarding landscape plant installation and management and understand their impacts on woody plant longevity
Lectures, readings, group projects, assignments, and class and lab activities on biological impacts of various practices
Exams; Assignment 5; Group Projects 1 + 3

Dr. Virginia Lohr, Johnson Hall Room 101b; 509-335-3101;
If you would like to discuss anything related to the class or other issues, please set up an appointment with me by asking before class or by e-mail or phone.  This ensures I have time to work with you.

Department of Horticulture
Washington State University
Pullman, Washington 99164-6414 U.S.A.
WSU's Disclaimer & Freedom of Expression Policy
Page updated Oct. 31, 2016